Scutellaria baicalensis (lat. Scutellaria baicalensis) is a well-known medicinal species of the genus (lat. Scutellaria) of herbaceous perennials belonging to the family Lamiaceae (lat. Lamiaceae) or Labret (lat. Labiatae). The genus totals up to 460 species.
Scutellaria baicalensis is a perennial herb, reaching up to a height of 35 cm. The stems on the plant are erect, tetrahedral, slightly pubescent and branched. The rhizome is long (up to 50 cm), vertical, covered with deep grooves, with multiple vertical roots. Leaves are placed on the stalk opposite, short-leaved, whole-marginal, linear-lanceolate, campus along the edge. In June, the plant goes into the flowering phase. The flowers are large, form an inflorescence - a one-sided brush, in the axils of the upper leaves the flowers are placed singly. The calyx is bell-shaped, of violet color, two-lipped, up to 3 mm long, has a special outgrowth (“shield”) on the upper lip. Four stamens have pairwise close anthers. The column has a two-bladed stigma. The fruit consists of 4 small spherical, slightly pubescent black nuts.
Scutellaria baicalensis is found in Eastern Siberia, the Far East, Transbaikalia and less often in Buryatia, Southern Primorye and the Middle Amur Region. Usually grows on sandy soils and rocky mountain slopes. It prefers to grow in the steppes and it is sometimes found along the shores of water bodies. The main region for the procurement of Scutellaria baicalensis is considered the Chita region.
For medicinal purposes, the root and leaves with flowers of Scutellaria baicalensis is used. Harvesting the roots and leaves of the plant begins in late August, when the seeds of the plant are fully ripe. The roots are dug up, cleaned of soil residues and washed. Dry in the shade, spread out in a thin layer in the attic or in the shade, turning over from time to time. After drying, the raw materials are again inspected, cleaned of various impurities, small roots, rotted parts. Dried roots are stored in well-ventilated rooms for no more than 3 years.
Scutellaria baicalensis contain vogonin, coumarins, steroids (stigmasterol, campesterol, b-sitosterol), tannins, more than 17 flavonoids glycosides (apigenin, scutellarein, luteolin, baikalin, etc.), pyrocatechins, oil, resin, ether isoflavones, glucuronic, kojic, vanillic acid, calcium, iron, potassium, copper, zinc, cobalt, iodine, selenium and other micro and macro elements.
Individual intolerance to the components of dietary supplements and herbs, and children under 12 years of age.
Add 1 teaspoon of root to a enamelware and pour 1 cup of boiling water. Cook in a water bath for 20-30 minutes, drain. Bring back to original volume by adding boiling water. Take 1/3 cup 3 times a day.
Tincture: Add 40% alcohol to root in a ratio of 1:10, insist in a dark place at room temperature for 7-10 days, then strain. Keep refrigerated. Take 20-30 drops 3 times a day.