The Red brush or four-membered Rhodiola (lat. Rhodiola quadrifida) is a very rare plant, belongs to the genus Rhodiola (lat. Rhodiola) of the subfamily of Crassuloideae, belonging to the family Crassulaceae,
Rhodiola Quadrifida or Red brush is a perennial herb, 10 - 30 cm in height, leafy succulent, with woody, powerful, mostly branching, many-headed taproot. Stems are straight, unbranched, erect or somewhat curved, numerous. The leaves are simple, without stipules, fleshy - rich in water-retaining tissue that holds accumulated water and almost cylindrical in shape. Flowers are bisexual, small, yellow, yellow-green, cream, white-pink or red, five-membered, very rarely six-membered, mainly dioecious, collected in terminal corymbose, capitate-corymbose or spike-shaped complex inflorescences. The calyx remains with the fetus. The perianth is double. The petals are free, the stamens are attached to their bases and in equal number with them. Gynoecium is apocarpous, carpels among petals. The fruit is a multileaf. Seeds without endosperm, small, numerous. The red brush grass blooms in June - July.
Red brush or Rhodiola four-membered is endemic to the Altai mountain regions. It grows exclusively there on rocky alpine mountain slopes and rocky places at an altitude of 3000 m above sea level, as well as in gorges, along the banks of rivers and streams. Prefers more or less open dry places. Due to the ability to survive in difficult mountain conditions, the red brush grass has acquired a number of valuable properties. The plant got its name from the shape of the leaves, resembling a brush and a characteristic red color.
The red brush or Rhodiola four-member is collected exclusively by hand. The roots of the red brush have healing properties and they are harvested in spring or autumn. They are dug out of ground and then washed and cleaned. It is dried under a canopy or in dryers at 50-60 ° C. Store in paper bags in a dry, dark place and out of reach of children, at a temperature not exceeding 25 ° C. The surface is smooth, the break is even. The shelf life of raw materials is 2 years.
Red brush contains tannins, anthraglycosides, essential oils, organic acids, sugars, proteins, fats, waxes, sterols, tertiary alcohols, phenols, glycosides and flavonoids. Pigments such as anthocyanins and betaines give it its characteristic red color. Also, the red brush contains manganese, zinc, chromium, cobalt, gum, copper, nickel, silver and molybdenum.
Individual intolerance to the components of dietary supplements and herbs.
Decoction: Place 1 tablespoon of the root in an enameled dish, pour 1 cup of hot water, close the lid and heat in a water bath for 15 minutes. Leave for 45 minutes at room temperature, squeeze and strain. Brink to the original volume by adding boiled water. Take 1/3 cup 3 times a day, 30 minutes before food.
Tincture: To 50 gm root, pour 0.5 litre of 40% alcohol. Leave for 25 days in a dark place at room temperature.Take 30-35 drops 3 times a day 30 minutes before food. The course of treatment is from one to several months depending on the condition.